INDIANAPOLIS — The torrential rainfalls and flooding from earlier this year still are having effects on the agriculture industry as several cases of Eastern Equine Encephalitis have been detected in the state.
Sandra Norman, the equine director for the Indiana State Board of Animal Health, said that due to the extra rain this year, breeding grounds for mosquitoes were abundant this year and tests done by the health department showed that mosquitoes have been carrying EEE.
Norman recently shared tips for horse owners to keep in mind to help prevent their horses from getting EEE.
- Vaccinate your horses — Norman said that the most important step producers can take to prevent EEE in their horses is to get them vaccinated. Vaccines are very effective and horse owners should keep their vaccines up to date and the regular booster includes the EEE vaccines.
- Use mosquito repellent — There always are more mosquitoes during the time period right before the freeze. Horse owners should use mosquito repellents in their barns and keep their horses inside during dawn and dusk, which is when the most mosquitoes are out.
- Use fly masks and covers — Although Norman cautioned that the best way to prevent the disease is to vaccinate horses, horse owners also can use fly masks and covers for their horses to try and limit the number of mosquitoes bites the animals receive.