WASHINGTON — Illinois, Indiana and national corn and soybean yield estimates were lowered in the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Sept. 12 crop production report.

The Illinois corn yield was forecast at 180 bushels per acre, down one bushel from the August projection and 30 bushels lower than 2018. Planted area is estimated at 10.7 million acres, down 3% from last year.

Harvested area, forecast at 10.45 million acres, is 4% lower than last year. Production is forecast at 1.88 billion bushels, down 17% from a year ago.

Indiana’s corn yield is forecast at 161 bushels per acre, down 28 bushels from 2018 and down five bushels from the August forecast. Harvested area is projected at 4.9 million acres, 300,000 less than last year.

Production is forecast at 789 million bushels, down 20% from a year ago. If realized, the 2019 crop would be the smallest crop total production-wise since the drought-ravaged crop of 2012.

USDA kept Iowa’s corn yield average from August at 191 bushel per acre, five less than last year. Harvested acres are estimated to be 400,000 higher than last year at 13.2 million resulting in production of just over 2.521 billion bushels.

Nationally, corn production for grain is forecast at 13.8 billion bushels, down 1% from the previous forecast and 4% less than last year.

Based on conditions as of Sept. 1, U.S. yields are expected to average 168.2 bushels per harvested acre, down 1.3 bushels from the previous forecast and 8.2 bushels below 2018.

Area harvested for grain is forecast at 82 million acres, unchanged from the previous forecast but up less than 1% from 2018.

Soybeans

Illinois’ planted area is estimated at 10 million acres, down 7% from last year. Harvested area, forecast at 9.94 million acres, is down 8% from 2018.

Based on Sept. 1 conditions, the Illinois soybean yield is forecast at 53 bushels per acre, down 12 bushels from 2018 and 2 lower than the August estimate. Production is forecast at 527 million bushels, down 25% from 2018.

Soybean yield in Indiana is forecast at 49 bushels per acre, down 9.5 bushels from last year and down 1 bushel from last month. Harvested area is estimated at 5.37 million acres compared to 5.92 million in 2018.

Total production is forecast at 263 million bushels, down 24 million from last year. This also is the smallest forecasted crop since 2012 when the state averaged 44 bushels per acre.

The USDA lowered Iowa’s average soybean estimate by 1 bushel from last month to 54 bushels per acre, 3 less than 2018. Harvested acres of 9.13 million is 780,000 less than a year ago. Total production of just over 493 million bushels is below last year’s 563.87 million.

U.S. soybean production for beans is forecast at 3.63 billion bushels, down 1% from the previous forecast and down 20% from last year.

Based on conditions as of Sept. 1, the nation’s yields are expected to average 47.9 bushels per harvested acre, down 0.6 bushel from the previous forecast and down 3.7 bushels from 2018. Area harvested for beans is forecast at 75.9 million acres, unchanged from the previous forecast but down 14% from 2018.

USDA Crop Comments

The Sept. 1 corn objective yield data indicate the lowest number of ears since 2012 for the combined 10 objective yield states — Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Ohio, South Dakota and Wisconsin.

The September objective yield data for the combined 11 major soybean-producing states — Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio and South Dakota — indicate a lower pod count compared with the previous year. Compared with final counts for 2018, pod counts are down in 10 of the 11 published states.

Ohio showed the greatest decrease, down 647 pods per 18 square feet from the previous year. The only increase from the 2018 final pod count is expected in Kansas.

Tom C. Doran can be reached at 815-780-7894 or tdoran@agrinews-pubs.com. Follow him on Twitter at: @AgNews_Doran.

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