Here are the “I” state estimates:

Indiana

The USDA estimated Indiana’s corn yields to average 165 bushels per acre, three above the October estimate. The state averaged 189 bushels per acre last year.

Harvested acres are projected at 4.9 million acres for total HoosierState production of 808.5 million bushels compared to last month’s 794 million bushel estimate.

The soybean yield in Indiana is projected to average 49 bushels per acre, one up from the October estimate, but 8.5 bushels below 2018. The anticipated 5.37 million harvested acres are estimated to bring in 263.13 million bushels, about 5 million higher than the previous estimate.

Illinois

The PrairieState’s average corn yield estimates were unchanged at 179 bushels per acre after last year’s 210 bushels per acre. The projected 10.25 million harvested corn acres will produce, if realized, nearly 1.835 billion bushels after production of 2.279 billion bushels a year ago.

USDA also kept Illinois’ average soybean yield the same from last month at 51 bushels per acre. Harvested acres are expected to be 9.94 million resulting in total production of 506.94 million bushels. Illinois produced 666.75 million bushels of soybeans last year with an average yield of 63.5 bushels per acre.

Iowa

The USDA put Iowa’s average corn yield at 192 bushels per acre, the same as the previous month’s estimate and four bushels below 2018. The anticipated 13.1 million harvested acres are projected to produce slightly over 2.515 billion bushels. Last year, Iowa harvested 12.8 million corn acres and collected 2.509 billion bushels.

Iowa soybeans are estimated to average 53 bushels per acre, unchanged from last month and three below 2018. Harvested acres of 9.13 million could produce 483.89 million bushels. The state saw 9.83 million harvested acres last year produce 550.48 million bushels.

Nationwide

U.S. corn production for grain is forecast at 13.7 billion bushels, down 1% from the previous forecast and down 5% from last year.

Based on conditions as of Nov. 1, yields are expected to average 167 bushels per harvested acre, down 1.4 bushels from the previous forecast and 9.4 bushels below from 2018. Area harvested for grain is forecast at 81.8 million acres, unchanged from the previous forecast, but up slightly from 2018.

The nation’s soybean production for beans is forecast at 3.55 billion bushels, down slightly from the previous forecast and down 20% from last year.

Yields are expected to average 46.9 bushels per acre, unchanged from the previous forecast, but down 3.7 bushels from 2018. Area harvested for beans in the is forecast at 75.6 million acres, unchanged from the previous forecast, but down 14% from 2018.

Crop Comments

The Nov. 1 corn objective yield data indicate the lowest number of ears since 2012 for the combined 10 objective yield states — Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Ohio, South Dakota and Wisconsin.

Overall, 58% of the nation’s corn acreage was rated in good to excellent condition on Nov. 3, 10 percentage points below the same time last year.

The November objective yield data for the combined 11 major soybean-producing states — Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio and South Dakota — indicate a lower pod count from the previous year.

Compared with final counts for 2018, pod counts are down in 10 of the 11 published states. A decrease of more than 200 pods per 18 square feet from the 2018 final pod count is expected in Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio and South Dakota.

By Nov. 3, harvest progress was behind the five-year average pace in Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota and Wisconsin.

The USDA closed the report by showing the 20-year record for crops of the differences between the Nov. 1 forecast and the final estimate. Using corn as an example, changes between the Nov. 1 forecast and the final estimate during the last 20 years have averaged 102 million bushels, ranging from 4 million bushels to 214 million bushels.

The Nov. 1 forecast has been below the final estimate seven times and above 13 times. This does not imply that the Nov. 1 corn forecast this year is likely to understate or overstate final production.

Tom C. Doran can be reached at 815-780-7894 or tdoran@agrinews-pubs.com. Follow him on Twitter at: @AgNews_Doran.

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