WASHINGTON — U.S. winter wheat production for 2019 reached 1.3 billion bushels on an average yield of 53.6 bushels per acre, according to the small grains annual summary released Sept. 30.
Production was up 10% from the revised 2018 total of 1.18 billion bushels, and the average yield was 5.7 bushels above last year.
The U.S. Department of Agriculture reported the area harvested for grain in 2019 was estimated at a record low 24.3 million acres, 2% lower than the previous year.
Record winter wheat high yields were estimated for 2019 in Colorado, 49 bushels per acre; Maryland, 75; Montana, 42.2; Nebraska, 57; New Jersey, 66; Oklahoma, 40; Pennsylvania, 73; and Wyoming, 43.
U.S. soft red winter wheat production totaled 239 million bushels, down 16% from 2018.
Soft red winter wheat yields in Illinois averaged 67 bushels per acre, one below 2018 and nine less than 2017. Total production was 36.85 million bushels across 550,000 harvested acres, 10,000 fewer than 2018.
Indiana’s 260,000 soft red winter wheat harvested acre matched 2018 and the state averaged 62 bushels per acre, nine less than 2018 and 12 below 2017. Total production was 16.12 million bushels.
Oat production also was included in the USDA’s small grains summary.
The oat production nationwide was estimated at 54.2 million bushels, a 1% increase from 2018. The average yield was estimated at 64.4 bushels per acre, down 0.9 bushel from the previous year. Harvested area, at 842,000 acres, was 2% above 2019.
There was 70,000 oat acres planted in 2019 and 10,000 harvested in Illinois for 650,000 bushels produced. The average yield was 65 bushels per acre compared to 83 in 2018.