Hot weather helped push crops towards maturity with harvest on the horizon, according to Greg Matli, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Indiana Field Office. Heavy rainfall in the northern part of the state aided crop development but delayed the harvest of early planted fields. On the contrary, central and southern parts of the state saw very little precipitation, causing further concern regarding late-planted crops.

The average temperature for the week was 68.5 degrees, 7.8 degrees above normal for the state. The amount of rainfall varied from 0.04 inches to 6.57 inches over the week. The statewide average precipitation was 1.35 inches. There were six days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending Sept. 29.

Indiana Crop Progress for week ending Sept. 29 (% completed)

Crop This week Last year 5-year avg.
Corn dented 84 100 97
Corn mature 41 90 76
Corn harvested 8 26 19
Soybeans dropping leaves 49 88 80
Soybeans harvested 6 22 19
Winter wheat planted 7 16 12
Alfalfa hay 3rd cutting 94 100 99
Alfalfa hay 4th cutting 49 73 68
Other hay 3rd cutting 84 91 90
Other hay 4th cutting 24 48 NA

Harvest of some early-planted corn and soybean fields got underway last week where weather allowed. Seed corn and silage harvest continued to progress, as did tomato harvest. Hay growth had slowed with the dry weather, but some harvest progress was made. Cover crops were being planted on harvested and prevent plant ground.

Other activities for the week included applying fall fertilizer, herbicide applications, tile repair, and preparing equipment for harvest.

Source: USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Great Lakes Regional Field Office.

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