Cooler temperatures and above-average precipitation eased the stress on crops and pastures throughout the state, according to Greg Matli, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Indiana Field Office. Soil moisture levels continued to improve last week, but some areas, particularly in the northern part of the state, could have used more rainfall.

Indiana Crop Progress for week ending Sept. 1 (% completed)

Crop This week Last year 5-year avg.
Corn silking 97 100 100
Corn dough 70 96 93
Corn dented 26 72 63
Corn mature 1 21 13
Soybeans blooming 93 100 100
Soybeans setting pods 76 99 97
Alfalfa hay 3rd cutting 63 84 80
Alfalfa hay 4th cutting 3 19 11
Other hay 2nd cutting 94 100 99
Other hay 3rd cutting 40 65 62

The  average  temperature  for  the  week  was  69.7  degrees, 2.5 degrees below normal. The amount of rainfall varied from none to 2.50 inches over the week. The statewide average precipitation was 1.08 inches. There were 5.4 days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending Sept. 1.

The mild weather and moderate rainfall last week helped to stabilize crop conditions, though growers continued to hope for a late frost with corn and soybean development still running behind schedule. Farmers took advantage of the midweek dry stretch to make progress with hay cutting. Livestock enjoyed the cooler weather, and hay was being fed in some areas due pasture shortages.

Other activities for the week included tillage, planting cover crops, mowing roadsides, preparing machinery for fall harvest, and attending Purdue Extension Field Days.

Source: USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Great Lakes Regional Field Office.

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