Another hot and dry week pushed crops towards maturity as harvest picked up, according to Greg Matli, State Statistician, USDA NASS, Indiana Field Office. The unusually dry week with only spotty rainfall was ideal for fieldwork but kept soil moisture levels well below both the previous year and the five-year average.

Indiana Crop Progress for week ending Oct. 6 (% completed)

Crop This week Last year 5-year avg.
Corn dented 91 100 100
Corn mature 56 94 87
Corn harvested 15 37 29
Soybeans dropping leaves 66 93 90
Soybeans harvested 14 38 33
Winter wheat planted 17 29 25
Winter wheat emerged 3 9 7
Alfalfa hay 3rd cutting 96 100 100
Alfalfa hay 4th cutting 58 79 76
Other hay 3rd cutting 88 94 95
Other hay 4th cutting 38 55 NA

The average temperature for the week was 69 degrees, 10.2 degrees above normal for the state. The amount of rainfall varied from none to 0.87 inches over the week. The statewide average precipitation was 0.34 inches. There were six days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending Oct. 6.

Corn and soybean harvest was underway in earnest last week, particularly on early-planted fields, while some of the late-planted fields were still working their way towards maturity. Winter wheat planting progressed last week, running slightly behind the five-year average, though some areas in the south reported soils too dry for planting. The dry conditions in the south slowed pasture growth and caused some producers to start feeding hay. Livestock were reported to be healthy and putting on weight.

Other activities for the week included planting cover crops, cutting brush, and attending fall fairs.

Source: USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Great Lakes Regional Field Office.

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