WASHINGTON — The U.S. Department of Agriculture reported record average corn and soybean yields for Illinois and Indiana in its crop production summary for 2018.
Illinois soybeans averaged 65 bushels per acre, 6 above the previous record in 2016, with a record and nation-leading production of 698.75 million bushels from 10.75 million harvested acres, 200,000 above 2017.
The Prairie State corn averaged 210 bushels per acre, 9 above the 2017 record, and produced nearly 2.279 billion bushels compared to almost 2.201 billion a year earlier. Harvested acres of 10.85 million were 100,000 below the previous year.
Illinois’ winter wheat had an average yield of 66 bushels per acre, 10 below the previous year, and produced 36.96 million bushels on 560,000 harvested acres. The state had 470,000 harvested winter wheat acres in 2017.
Indiana jumped 4.5 bushels per acre from the previous year to a record average of 58.5 bushels per acre, producing 346.32 million bushels. The previous record of 57.5 bushels per acre was set in 2016. Soybean harvested acres totaled 5.92 million acres, slightly below the previous year.
Indiana’s average corn yield was up 9 bushels from the previous year and 1 above the previous record in 2014 to 189 bushels per acre and grew 982.8 million bushels. The state produced 936 million bushels in 2017. Year over year harvested acres were unchanged at 5.2 million acres.
Winter wheat yields averaged 71 bushels per acre in Indiana, three less than in 2017, and production reached 18.46 million bushels from 260,000 harvested acres, 20,000 less than the previous year’s acreage.
Iowa matched the previous year’s soybean yield average of 57 bushels per acre and produced 564.87 million bushels over 9.91 million harvested acres. The state had 9.94 million harvested acres in 2017.
Corn yields in Iowa averaged 196 bushels per acre, 6 below 2017; producing nearly 2.509 billion bushels over 12.8 million harvested acres. Iowa had 12.9 million corn harvested acres in 2017.
Iowa’s winter wheat averaged 58 bushels per acre, 10 less than in 2017, with total production of 348,000 bushels. Iowa had 6,000 harvested winter wheat acres in 2018, 2,000 below 2017.
Soybean production nationwide in 2018 totaled a record 4.54 billion bushels, up 3 percent from 2017. The average yield was estimated at 51.6 bushels per acre, 2.3 bushels above 2017, but 0.3 bushel below the record yield in 2016.
Planted area for the nation, 89.2 million acres, was down 1 percent from the 2017 soybean planted acreage. Soybean growers harvested 88.1 million acres, down 2 percent from last year.
Corn for grain production in the U.S. is estimated at 14.4 billion bushels, down 1 percent from the 2017 estimate. The average yield is estimated at 176.4 bushels per acre, 0.2 bushel below the 2017 record yield of 176.6 bushels per acre.
Corn planted area, at 89.1 million acres, was down 1 percent from 2017. Area harvested for grain was estimated at 81.7 million acres, down 1 percent from the 2017 estimate.
U.S. winter wheat production for 2018 totaled 1.18 billion bushels, down 7 percent from the 2017 total of 1.27 billion bushels. The national yield average of 47.9 bushels per acre was down 2.3 bushels from 2017. Area harvested for grain was estimated at a record low 24.7 million acres, 2 percent below the previous year.
Harvested acreage was down from 2017 in most of the major hard red winter growing states, the primary winter wheat producing area. As a result of the decreased Harvested acreage and lower yields in 2018, HRW production totaled 662 million bushels, down 12 percent from 2017.