The highly anticipated 2018 crop production summary was finally released Feb. 9 by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, one month late due to the government shutdown.

The main focus was on corn, soybean and winter wheat production, but the summary also included other crops planted by Illinois farmers.

Here’s a summary of other crops produced in the Prairie State in 2018.

The 25,000 harvested acres of oats was up 5,000 acres from 2017. The oat yield was estimated at 83 bushels per acre, up 4 bushels from the previous year. Oat production is estimated at 2.08 million bushels, a 31 percent increase from 2017.

The all hay area harvested in 2018 was 470,000 acres, 4 percent less than the previous year in Illinois. The all hay yield is estimated at 2.79 tons per acre, down 0.46 ton from 2017. Production is estimated a 1.31 million tons, 18 percent below 2017.

USDA estimated Illinois’ sorghum planted area at 18,000 acres, a 6 percent increase over the previous year. Harvested area for grain, at 16,000 acres, is up 7 percent from 2017.

The sorghum yield is estimated at 111 bushels per acre, up 28 bushels from last year. Production is estimated at 1.78 million bushels, 43 percent above the previous year.

Summer potatoes were also on the list for Illinois. The planted area of 7,700 acres was 10 percent less than in 2017. The harvested area of 7,600 acres is down 6 percent from the previous year.

The summer potato yield is estimated at 375 hundredweight per acre, a 9 percent drop from 2017. Production is estimated at 2.85 million hundredweight, down 14 percent from a year earlier.

While the corn for grain statistics were a focus of the report, corn for silage is also produced. Illinois had 100,000 harvested acres of silage in 2018, 90,000 less than in 2017.

The state’s silage average a yield of 20 tons per acre, 3 higher than the previous year. Total silage production is estimated at 2 million tons.

Tom C. Doran can be reached at 815-780-7894 or Follow him on Twitter at: @AgNews_Doran.


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