WASHINGTON — The highly-anticipated August crop production report projected record U.S. corn and the third-largest soybean production ever, based on Department of Agriculture surveys.

Corn production is forecast at a new high of 13.8 billion bushels, up 28 percent from the 2012 drought, with a nationwide yield average of 154.4 bushels per acre, up 31 bushels from last year.

If realized, this will be the third-highest per acre yield on record, behind only 2009 and 2004.

The Aug. 1 corn objective yield data indicate the third-highest number of ears on record for the combined ten objective yield states — Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Ohio, South Dakota and Wisconsin.

Area harvested for grain is forecast at 89.1 million acres, unchanged from the June forecast, but up 2 percent from 2012.

The corn planted area for all purposes is estimated at 97.4 million acres, unchanged from the June estimate and the largest planted acreage in the U.S. since 1936 when it reached an estimated 102 million acres.

The USDA forecast soybean production is forecast at 3.26 billion bushels, up 8 percent from last year.

Based on Aug. 1 conditions, U.S. soybean yields are expected to average 42.6 bushels per acre, up three bushels from last year. If estimates become reality, the average yield will be the fifth highest on record.

The soybean area for harvest is forecast at 76.4 million acres, down less than 1 percent from June, but up slightly from 2012.

Soybean planted area for the U.S. is estimated at 77.2 million acres, down less than 1 percent from June.

The soybean area for harvest is forecast at 76.4 million acres, down less than 1 percent from the June report, but up slightly from 2012. If the harvested area is realized, it will be the second largest on record.

The soybean acreage results were based on a re-survey required due to late planting.

Survey respondents who reported soybean acreage as not yet planted in Arkansas, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, North Dakota, South Dakota, Tennessee and Wisconsin during the survey conducted in preparation for the June acreage report were re-contacted in July to determine how many of those acres were planted or still intended to be planted.

Acreage estimates in this report reflect this updated information.

All wheat production, at 2.11 billion bushels, is up slightly from the July forecast, but down 7 percent from 2012, according to the USDA.

Based on Aug. 1 conditions, the U.S. all wheat yield is forecast at 46.2 bushels per acre, unchanged from last month, but down 0.1 bushel from last year.

U.S. winter wheat production is forecast at 1.54 billion bushels, down slightly from the July 1 forecast and down 6 percent from 2012.

Based on Aug. 1 conditions, the U.S. winter wheat yield is forecast at 47.8 bushels per acre, unchanged from last month, but up 0.6 bushel from last year.

If realized, this will equal the U.S. record high yield established in 1999.

The winter wheat area expected to be harvested for grain or seed totals 32.3 million acres, unchanged from last month, but down 7 percent from last year.

The crop production report also featured projections for each state, all of which indicated major recoveries from 2012 despite the late plantings in many areas.

The USDA estimated Illinois corn yields to average 165 bushels per acre, 60 bushels better than last year, over 11.9 million acres.

Illinois farmers planted 12.25 million acres of corn in 2012 for a total production of just over 1.286 billion bushels. This year’s yield is projected to produce nearly 1.964 billion bushels in the Prairie State.

Indiana’s average corn yield is estimated as of Aug. 1 at 166 bushels per acre compared to 99 bushels last year.

Total planted corn acres in Indiana are projected at 5.9 million acres, down 130,000 acres from 2012. Production is anticipated to reach 979.4 million bushels, up from last year’s 596.97 million bushels.

According to the USDA, the statewide average corn yields in Iowa are projected at 163 bushels per acre, up from last year’s 137.

Planted corn acres in Iowa are down 200,000 from last year for a total of 13.5 million acres, with total production anticipated at nearly 2.201 billion bushels. The 2012 crop realized 1.876.9 billion bushels in Iowa.

Soybean harvest in Illinois is expected to reach 439.45 million bushels on a statewide average yield of 47 bushels per acre, four better than last year’s crop that produced 383.56 million bushels.

Planted soybean acreage in Illinois is estimated at 9.35 million acres compared to 8.92 million acres in 2012.

Indiana’s average soybean yield is projected at 50 bushels per acre, 6.5 bushels over last year, with acreage totaling 5.23 million, up 90,000 from the previous year.

Total Indiana soybean production is predicted to be 261.5 million bushels, up from 223.59 million a year ago.

In Iowa, the average soybean yield is projected at 46 bushels per acre, 1.5 better than the previous year. Acreage was increased from 9.3 million in 2012 to 9.43 million this year.

If realized, Iowa will produce 433.78 million bushels of soybeans this year after growing 413.85 million in 2012.

Indiana’s winter wheat yield was increased by two bushels per acre from last month’s report to an estimated 71 bushels per acre. The state’s harvested area is 430,000 acres, 130,000 more than last year.

The USDA estimated the Illinois winter wheat yields to be 67 bushels per acre, up two from the July report. The wheat harvested area in Illinois is expected to be 820,000 acres, an increase of 645,000 in 2012.